MessageToEagle.com – Goreme, located among the “fairy chimney” rock formations, is a town in Cappadocia, a historical region of Turkey. It is in the Nevsehir Province, Central Anatolia famous for its labyrinth of tunnels, largest and most complex underground city in the world.
After a volcanic eruption about 2000 years ago, lava formed soft rocks in the Cappadocia Region, in Turkey.
The softer rock was eroded away by wind and water, leaving the hard cap rock on top of pillars, forming the present-day fairy chimneys.
People of Goreme, at the heart of the Cappadocia Region, realized that these soft rocks could be easily carved out to form houses, churches and monasteries with many examples of Byzantine frescoes and even entire underground cities.
They helped to create the wonderful landscape of Goreme and Cappadocia.
There are as many as 600 churches made out of the soft rock that dot the Cappadocia landscape, but there may well be many more yet to be unearthed.