Spirituality plays an important part in many peoples' daily life.
For years scientists have wondered whether there is a particular place in the brain, a so-called "God spot" that is responsible for spirituality.
What mechanism does determine why a person is more spiritual than others?
Why do some people have spiritual experiences?
A recent study shows that spirituality is in fact a much more complex than previously thought.
According to researchers from University of Missouri multiple areas of the brain are responsible for the many aspects of spiritual experiences.
"We have found a neuropsychological basis for spirituality, but it's not isolated to one specific area of the brain," said Brick Johnstone,
professor of health psychology in the School of Health Professions.
"Spirituality is a much more dynamic concept that uses many parts of the brain. Certain parts of the brain play more predominant roles, but
they all work together to facilitate individuals' spiritual experiences."
Johnstone studied 20 people with traumatic brain injuries affecting the right parietal lobe, the area of the brain situated a few inches above the right ear.
He surveyed participants on characteristics of spirituality, such as how close they felt to a higher power and if they felt their lives were part of a divine plan.
He found that the participants with more significant injury to their right parietal lobe showed an increased feeling of closeness to a higher power.
"Neuropsychology researchers consistently have shown that impairment on the right side of the brain decreases one's focus on the self," Johnstone said.
"Since our research shows that people with this impairment are more spiritual, this suggests spiritual experiences are associated with a decreased focus on
the self. This is consistent with many religious texts that suggest people should concentrate on the well-being of others rather than on themselves."
Whact exactly causes spiritual experiences cannot be easily determined.
Johnstone says the right side of the brain is associated with self-orientation, whereas the left side is associated with how individuals relate to others.
Although Johnstone studied people with brain injury, previous studies of Buddhist meditators and Franciscan nuns with normal brain function have shown that
people can learn to minimize the functioning of the right side of their brains to increase their spiritual connections during meditation and prayer.
In addition, Johnstone measured the frequency of participants' religious practices, such as how often they attended church or listened to religious programs.
He measured activity in the frontal lobe and found a correlation between increased activity in this part of the brain and increased participation in religious
"This finding indicates that spiritual experiences are likely associated with different parts of the brain," Johnstone said.
This means that a distinct "God Spot" does not exist, but a various parts of the brain working together are responsible for spiritual experiences.
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